Around circa 2,550BC., Pharaoh Khufu ordered the building of his tomb on the plateau of Giza, which lies on the outskirts of Cairo. The tomb is known as the Great Pyramid, and it was designed to protect the pharaoh’s body as well as his possessions, which would ensure a safe trip with all his belongings into the afterlife. Near it are three smaller pyramids which are believed to hold the pharaoh’s queens.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was the tallest man made structure in the world for 3800 years. It consists of 2 million limestone blocks, each weighing from 2.5 to 15 tonnes. It is a mystery even today how the Egyptians maneuvered these heavy blocks, and many theories have been put forward. It is believed that the stones were carried using wooden sleds, levers, papyrus twine and ramps.