The castle was built around 1584 for Queen Victoria and prince Albert. Balmoral Castle and the original estate were purchased for Queen Victoria by prince Albert in 1852. The original Balmoral Castle was built in the 15th century, but it was considered too small, and so, it was rebuilt . It's architect was William Smith of Aberdeen.
Over the years improvements have been made by successive generations of the royal family. Balmoral Castle is associated with many dramatic events, in British history.