Buckingham Palace in Westminster, London, has been the official residence of the British monarch since 1837. It is the administrative headquarters of the monarch as well. This sprawling palace has 775 rooms.
Buckingham Palace was originally a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1705. It was bought by king George III as a private residence for his queen. During the 19th century, it was enlarged, with three wings built around a central courtyard. Later, additions were made, and these include the balcony on which the royal family appears on special occasions to greet the crowds outside. The palace is furnished and decorated with priceless works of art that form part of the Royal collection, one of the major art collections in the world today. Buckingham Palace is not the monarch's personal property, but is owned by the state.