The city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh has a history that goes back more than 2500 years. It is famous for two magnificent monuments- the Taj Mahal, and the Red Fort of Agra- that reflect the grandeur of the Mughals. The Red Fort of Agra, or the Agra Fort as it is usually called, is located about 2.5 kms from the Taj Mahal. It was the imperial city of several Mughal rulers, and contained many priceless treasures.
Did you know that the famous diamond that is now known as Kohinoor Diamond was a part of this treasure? This fort of red sandstone is actually a walled city enclosing many palaces, audience halls, and two mosques. There are four gates on its four sides, and of the gates was called "khizri gate" or the water gate, because it opens to the river front. The fort has survived through the onslaught of time, nature and men, and is today a UNESCO world heritage site.